This full-color publication describes, discusses, and illustrates the artifacts/artworks of people who lived in Maryland nearly three thousand years ago. These people are known by their cultural name which is called Adena. They are often called moundbuilders as this was a major facet of their culture. Adena is the best known Woodland culture in North America, and the artifact specimens, which they left, testify to their lasting influence on the American Indian history. This publication is on a collection of artifacts which is called the Sandy Hill Adena Cache of Dorchester County, Maryland which was found on the Sandy Hill site (18Do30) in 1927. How much of the site was used as a burial area remains to be determined archaeologically?

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The Adena Culture
As Found In The
Sandy Hill Adena Cache,
Dorchester County, Maryland

Wm Jack Hranicky RPA
Webmaster: Wm Jack Hranicky, RPA, Archaeologist

The collection is unique because of its contents. While especially noted are the 28  white quartzite lanceolate bifaces, the Sandy Hill collection is composed of 196 artifacts which collectively are considered a work of art. Because of their rarity, the entire Sandy Hill collection is often called a cache, which is considered here to be a National Treasure (Hranicky 2010). The quartz lanceolates were made locally and functioned as burial items.

Major Topics:

  • Adena point distributions
  • Manufacturing qualities
  • Stone preferences
  • Dennis Stanford's comments
  • Color photographs of the entire cache
  • Discovery documentation
  • Eastern Adena descriptions
  • Crystal quartz lanceolates
  • Artifact measurements.

Book: 8 1/2 x 11 in, 172 pages, B&W, references.