Major Topics:

  • Basic survey operations
  • Recording fluted points
  • Measurements
  • Creating databases
  • Basic procedures and techniques
  • Modeling theory
  • Model types
  • Use of computers, namely scanning
  • Data vs. information
  • Wear patterns
  • Verification & validation
  • Survey lessons
  • Survey ethics
  • Concepts and standards
  • Rubbings and drawings
  • References.

Model for a Paleoindian Fluted Point Survey

Wm Jack Hranicky RPA

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Book: 8 1/2 x 11 in, B&W, 136 pages, references.

This publication provides an overview of how to set up a fluted point survey. It provides all processes, procedures, and practices for a survey which are based on the McCary Fluted Point Survey® of Virginia. Additionally, it provides an overview of using survey data for archaeological modeling and simulations. Survey data validity, validation, and storage/organization methods are also discussed. Basic recording concepts and ethics are presented throughout the publication.

A point survey is an excellent example of archaeology without artifacts in that archaeology is a science for the accumulation of data and producing knowledge, not a science for the accumulation of artifacts. Naturally, artifacts and all their masses are part of archaeology – the evidences of the past, but their purpose is to produce a history about the antiquity of humans and their lifeways. Artifacts are historical entities and are physical forms of human-driven events of ancestral cultures. A fluted point survey simply records data from a specialized resource from prehistory. These data are then translated, reconfigured, compiled, etc. into chronological sequences of human events. Artifacts loan their physical presence to the survey for recordation, then go home to whomever owns them. A survey is then not a short-term curation process for these specimens; it is a long-term curation for the data that these artifacts contain. A survey contributes to the philosophy for knowledge in the study of antiquities.