Basic Operating Principles for the Site
In analyzing the Spout Run site, the following principles were used and analyzed archaeologically:
The Spout Run Site (44CK151):
An Early American Stone Circles and Dual Solstice Site
Effigy from the Site.
Spout Run Site Map
Book: B&W, 8 1/2 x 11 in, 377 pages, references.
Wm Jack Hranicky RPA
With Chris and Rene White
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As is presented and argued, the Spout Run site is a paleo-era calendar and solar observatory (planisphere-like) site which measured seasons in the upper Shenandoah River valley. In addition to geological activities, such as toolmaking, hunting, and/or, gathering the maturation of fruits/plants, it was also used for social/religious ceremonies. The site has an observatory area for viewing the morning sun on the Blue Ridge Mountain in Clarke County, Virginia. It was probably the first Native American solar observatory. The sun’s summer solstice is marked by a ceremonial altar and sun dial, and other boulders that point to Virginia’s fall equinox. The site has several possible ceremonial areas. The various site features create a site complex covering nearly 5 acres. The report is the results of five years of archaeological research and investigation.
This report details the geo/astro-archaeological investigative methods, analysis, and conclusions for the site. This site is unique in Virginia for its paleo-era association, and its summer solstice orientation has been confirmed on other Virginia paleosites. There is also a winter solstice orientation. However, its principal layout orientation is the equinoxes. Additionally, the site contains an altar which was probably used for a summer solstice ceremony. This investigation established a possible ceremonial/calendar for exploitation by early Virginians in the upper Shenandoah River valley.