This publication is a complete summary of the lithic tools in prehistoric Virginia. It contains PaleoAmerican artifacts as well as Paleoindian, Archaic, and Woodland period tools and implements. It has descriptions, references, and over 2000 photographs. The basic book divisions are microtools (arrowheads, knives, drills, etc.) and macrotools (axes, celts, etc.). These artifacts are arranged in chronological order. A summary of the history of the practice of archaeology in Virginia is presented, including various well-known archaeologists and amateur archaeologists. The publication offers a study of Virginia’s material culture of Native Americans.

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Wm Jack Hranicky RPA


 The Spout Run site is owned by Native Americans, and they have a website which presents details of the site's operation.

Sanctuary on the Trail™ Inc.
Post Office Box 123
Bluemont, Virginia 20135

Prehistoric Stone Tools in Virginia

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 Books on North American Archaeology

The publication presents the bipoint as found in maritime archaeology in  the Western Hemisphere. Hundreds of examples are illustrated with a suggested starting date of 75,000 years in southern Africa.

We are a small publishing company in Alexandria, Virginia that markets Jack Hranicky's books.

He is a Registered Professional Archaeologist with over 40 years of experience in prehistoric lithic technology. He has published over 40 books and written over 200 archaeology papers in various journals around the U.S.

The Spout Run Site (44CK151): An Early American Stone Circles and Dual Solstice Site

This report covers a five-year investigation of the site. Over 20 structural features were mapped with solar orientations. The center of the complex has two large rock/boulder concentric rings which line up with the sun's positions of the solstices and equinoxes.

Bipoints Before Clovis

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Pleistocene Archaeology in Virginia: The Arkfeld Site


The Arkfeld Site is an Early American site dating 20,000+ years. This report covers surveying  and excavating the site. The principal stones for tools are limestone and shale. Many of  its blade tools have an Old World legacy.