The major technological focus is between the Pleistocene and the Holocene. This time period saw a major change in lithic technology from principally blade technology to primarily biface technology. This change is country wide and reflects a major change in human populations occupying the subsequent U.S. Most American archaeologists will agree that people were in North America before Clovis times; however, they are projectile point-orientated and continue to search for this type of technology which, of course, does not exist.

Major Topics:

  • Solstice and equinox sites
  • Rokart sites
  • Portable artforms
  • Observatories
  • Ceremony chronologies
  • Prehistoric calendars
  • Spout Run ceremony site
  • Prehistoric stone constructions
  • Arkfeld and its effigies
  • Microtools
  • Glyphs and classification
  • Human perceptions
  • Red ochre usage
  • Concentric rings
  • Pictographs and petroglyphs
  • Arnolds Valley paleo cache
  • References.

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This publication presents Virginia’s artforms from rockart sites to portable specimens. They are defined and illustrated with the scope of the study as prehistoric communications (or ancient writings) from a world of long ago. Art is the physical output from someone's cognitive processes which attempts to convey a message about the world as the artist saw it (Hranicky 1985). The artforms imply ceremonies and/or special attention environmental events and physical objects.

The major focus of this study is the communicative processes of the symbolic physical objects or images from prehistory. The basic premise here is that the human cognitive process that created them in history can be used in the modern age to decipher them. However for the archaeological world, this is not an easy analytical process because few, if any, methods have been developed in archaeology. The computer sciences discipline has come the closest with their artificial intelligence methods. This technology will have long-term benefits for all of archaeology.

Book: B&W, 377 pages, text, appendices, references.

Paint Lick Mountain Glyph

Virginia Solstice Observatories, Portable Art, and Rockart Sites

 Wm Jack Hranicky RPA

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This publication presents prehistoric archaeology that is not practiced by some archaeologists; it describes and argues a new focus in American archaeology.

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